What aviation squadron is the oldest active Marine squadron?
- Black Sheep, Attack Squadron 214
- Ace of Spades, Attack Squadron 231
- Cowboys, Fighter Attack Squadron 112
- Vengeance, Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 469
What was the first aircraft used in the Corps?
- Curtiss C-3 (Model F)
- Vickers Fighting Biplane 5, ‘Gunbus’
- Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit
- Curtiss Robin J-1
Which aircraft is not used by the Corps?
- Bell AH-1W SuperCobra
- Lockheed Martin KC-130J/T Hercules
- Boeing CH-47 Chinook
- Boeing F/A-18 Hornet
Who was the first Marine Aviator?
- Lt. Col. Alfred A. Cunningham
- Col. Gregory “Pappy” Boyington
- Capt. Joseph Foss
- Orville Wright
What is the Marine Corps Aviation birthday?
- May 22, 1941
- May 22, 1912
- Aug. 13, 1918
- Feb. 29, 1924
What battle was fought solely with aircraft?
- Khe Sanh
What operation was the first to use vertical envelopment (helicopter assault) by the Corps?
- Operation Summit
- Operation Desert Storm
- Operation Just Cause
- Operation Geronimo
In what battle was pilot Capt. Joseph Foss awarded the Medal of Honor?
- Belleau Wood
Who is the most decorated Marine aviator?
- First Lieutenant Alfred A. Cunningham
- Amelia Earhart
- Capt. John L. Smith
- Col. Kenneth L. Reusser
In what year did Lt. Col. Sarah Deal Burrow become the first female aviator?
In 1942, Bauer played a significant role in two air battles against the imperial Japanese on Guadalcanal and the Solomon Islands. On both accounts, the enemy outnumbered Bauer and his men two to one. During the battles, Bauer was credited for downing 11 Japanese aircraft. Bauer led 26 planes more than 600 miles in an over-water ferry flight to the island of Guadalcanal. While circling to land, he noticed the USS McFarland was under attack by a squadron of enemy aircraft. Alone and low on fuel, Bauer turned his plane toward the enemy and engaged. During the fight he downed four Japanese planes before he ran out of fuel and was forced to ditch his plane. Later he was spotted in his life raft by American pilots, but could not be found during an attempted rescue. Bauer received the Medal of Honor for his fighting spirit and impressive record of combat achievement.
Back in the Day
During World War II on October 24-26, 1942, 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, led by Lt. Col. Chesty Puller, faced-off with the Imperial Japanese Sendai Division. This division was the invasion force that was aiming to take back the allied air base of Henderson Field on the island of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, that the Marines had taken the prior August. Alone on the southern perimeter during the initial attack, 1/7 bore the brunt of the assault and held of the enemy with fortified positions, coordinated artillery and machine gun fire. The Army’s 164th Infantry moved to reinforce the southern perimeter during the attack, fighting alongside Marines throughout the battle until the enemy was defeated, saving the strategic airfield from capture.